António José Croner (1826 - 1888)

António José Croner was born in Lisbon on March 11, 1826; son of Joseph Croner, German musician, and Dona Ana da Piedade. [3] José Croner had immigrated to Portugal during the Portuguese Civil War, and had an active participation that earned him the persecution and imprisonment , dying in 1835 . He had a brother, two years younger, Raphael, and two sisters.


His vocation for music was revealed in an early age, first as a flutist for the band's naval battalion, at the time led by Arthur Reinhardt, at the same time he attended the conservatory. He was a disciple of Manuel Joaquim Botelho. His brother, Raphael, also cultivated a talent for music, and played clarinet in the naval battalion. They gave a few public concerts, even in Brazil, where they were warmly applauded. After they returned, they made subsequent trips to Spain, France and England, where they held concerts at The Crystal Palace and received flattering praise from the press.


In 1860, Croner replaced José Gazul Junior in the place of first flute at the Teatro Nacional de São Carlos Orchestra and, on March 11 ,1869, assumed the position of professor of flute and piccolo at the Music Conservatory of Lisbon.


In 1862, he returned to Brazil with his brother and again in 1866, 1872, 1876. They had always a warm reception and were honored by the Emperor D. Pedro II with the cross of the Roses’s Order and merit badges in Sao Paulo and Montevideo.


The musical performance of Croner was received with many accolades, and more than once, impressed foreign professional singers who never had heard him playing; the opera singer Marcella Sembrich commented that she never heard a flute comparable to Croner hearinghis interpretation of Lucia ‘s Rondó.


Croner owned several flutes which had been offered; among those that are known, one was of silver and other of crystal. His favorite flute was, however, an ebony one (this flute is currently reserved in the Music Museum in Lisbon).


Raphael Croner died in 1884, and the death of his artistic triumphs companion since his youth changed his personality: Antonio, who was once endowed with a "communicative joy," went on to demonstrate a way of being more covert that betrayed the deep disgust. Antonio was an apoplexy victim, which led him to move away from his artistic career.



António José Croner died on September 28, 1888, at age 62.


In Wikipedia

This composer has 2 works on AvA:

La Sympathie

Ref. ava161549

Work Cover

18.00 €


Ref. ava120898

Work Cover

11.00 €